Cannabinoids are plant compounds found primarily in the hemp plant. The cannabinoids dock onto the cannabinoid receptors found in the human body, which influence the release of neurotransmitters in the brain.
The two best known cannabinoid receptors are called CB1 and CB2 receptors. These are found in different areas of the human nervous system and perform different functions.
For example, these receptors regulate over- or under-activity of neurotransmitters in the brain. These messenger substances, such as serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine, control the transmission of signals by the nerves. Dysregulation of these can lead to disease. This can be prevented by the targeted supply of cannabinoids.